Category Archives: 2010

Voice-In, Voice-Out: Constituent Participation and Advocacy Activities of Charitable Organizations

Chao Guo and Gregory D. Saxton

How do participatory constituent practices affect the scope and intensity of nonprofit advocacy? In this study, we examine this question through survey data from a random sample of charitable nonprofit organizations in Arizona in 2007. Our findings show that the scope and intensity of nonprofit advocacy tend to increase with constituent board membership, communication with constituents, and level of constituent involvement in strategic decision making. However, the scope and intensity of nonprofit advocacy tends to decrease with increased government funding and private contributions. These findings suggest important implications for organizations wishing to be more effective in influencing public policy.

Nonprofit Policy Forum, vol. 1, no. 1. 2010

Exploring the Key Roles for Nonprofit Boards

William A. Brown and Chao Guo

This research note explores roles for nonprofit boards as described by 121 community foundation executives. Through content analysis, a synthesized list of 13 different roles were identified. The study considered institutional and organizational attributes such as environmental uncertainty and organizational complexity to explore the contingencies under which certain board roles become more prevalent. The roles were also matched to existing governance theories. The list not only reflects activities recognized by different theoretical models but also suggests conflicts in the way strategy is conceptualized and articulated as a governance task.

Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 39, no. 3 (2010): 536-546